Autonomism sometimes called autonomist communism and autonomist right-wing philosophy, is an Alternative political theory and movement. It derives its ideas from classic left-wing radicalism and classical liberalism. According to this school, all struggles for freedom are struggling for freedom of the mind and the will to act. It opposes any external force, even the state, dictating how humans should live their lives.
Unlike traditional socialism, which advocates strict control of the economy, autonomy promotes a vision of economic and cultural pluralism. It denies any one group or party absolute power over the other. It denies the viability of centralized authority. Rather, it looks to a decentralized structure where different groups can engage in self-management through deliberation, consensus decision-making, and direct action. As such, autonomism is an offshoot of classical liberalism, materialism, collectivism, and environmentalism.
This movement is characterized by five specific tendencies. The autonomist Left, which includes autonomist unions and autonomist groups, forms the majority of the movement. This group believes that there are two alternatives to the leadership of the Russian revolution, namely, the continued rule by the bourgeoisie (the bureaucratic left) or the formation of a Third Estate, composed of Mensheviki (nationalists) and aristocratic Mensheviki.
The autonomist Right, also called radical Right, opposes any centralized authority, whether governmental, religious, or economic. It favors a form of capitalism characterized by laissez faire, or, at least, a minimal degree of laissez faire. According to this group, the best system for humankind would be a market society in which decisions are made through free markets, with minimal state intervention. It also advocates ethnic, cultural, and linguistic nationalities. Nationalism is a more specific expression of this concept, and the term “anarchism” is used to designate a tendency on the right.
The autonomist Left is the coalition of left-wing forces, which consists of social democratic parties and revolutionary organizations. The autonomists’ major focus is the working class. They advocate nationalization of the means of production, and they believe that large scale movements must occur before significant changes are made. The autonomists are against the exploitation of the working class by the capitalists. They are in favor of genuine democracy, and they support struggles of the oppressed masses of all countries for democratic rights. They are against revisionism, or, putting forward an alternative to classic left ideas and methods.
The third tendency, which is known as neo-liberalism, or anciently called absolutism, opposes any and all attempts to centralize power, ending up with total control over the economy. It is a conception that has developed out of developments in eighteenth century France, when the Jacobins dominated the political scene. In the modern period, the autonomists have criticized both classical left and right tendencies and have combined their own ideas with those of liberalism and progressivism. Neoreactionary social movements do not seek to build social systems, but they do seek to increase individual freedom, reduce the size and power of the state, provide citizens with a secure environment, and facilitate economic growth at every step.